What does that mean: scientifically? This article provides some starting points for further reflection.

What does that mean: scientifically? If you have no answer to this question, you can not write any scientific paper or scientific text.

To answer the question of what science means, proceed as you will in the future with many definitions and analyzes of terms. Use your mental loupe.

Pick up a duden. You do not have one? Sad. Then use Canoo. Scientifically is an adjective, so it is with Canoo.net. They want to know even more: The vocabulary portal of the University of Leipzig even names synonyms to the word – academic, subjectively taught; but also methodically, practically, speculatively, theoretically.

And what does Wikipedia say? You have read correctly: Scientists are allowed to use Wikipedia! Wikipedia often offers a good approach to a topic that you should not miss. Not only Wikipedia but you should use critical, but all the texts with which you will have to do it as a scientist.

Wikipedia will not only define the term science, but also refer you to other literature, such as Max Weber’s lecture “Science as a profession” (in this context, the Weberian lecture is often “linked”, both online and offline, read it to find out why others consider him so important).

So in a kind of snowball system, you are increasingly approaching a definition of your term. Analyze the word itself, look up in foreign dictionaries, in ethymlogical dictionaries, in specialized dictionaries. How do others define this term: Science?

That’s exactly what science is all about. The facilitation of understanding through common definitions, a common language. The idea behind it: If everyone explains what he actually meant by certain terms, this inevitably reduces misunderstandings. Because these often arise from the fact that you assume in the conversation that your counterpart, such as your friend or your girlfriend, under the terms that you use, for. B. Love, does not understand the same as you. One considers “love” for something that comes back to you. The other for an activity that is exercised. But both call it “love”.

If you look at what science is and its scientific value and its science, you will sooner or later come across Umberto Eco, who enumerates the requirements of science in his “many-linked” book “How to write a thesis”. A scientific investigation is characterized by the following points.

“The investigation covers a recognizable object that is so well defined that it is recognizable to third parties.”

“The investigation must say things about this subject that have not yet been said, or it must see things that have already been said from a new angle.”

“The investigation must be of use to others.”

“The investigation must include the information that will allow us to verify that its hypotheses are wrong or correct, so it must include the information that will allow the debate to continue in the scientific community.”

And what is a scientific text? Scientific papers or texts let them roughly subdivide into theoretical and empirical work. Empirical works document a research, a research project in which an object, as the name implies, was investigated empirically, ie by perception, observation, experiment.

Theoretical work investigates develop and reject or confirm their theses in an abstract way, they analyze existing texts and theses and bring them into a context with them.

Different types of scientific texts with different intentions have evolved over time. These will be discussed in the following chapter.

  • Tip: Do not only deal in detail with the dictionaries of your department, but also with those of related fields. Examine terms based on your story, your grammatical use, and so forth. Examine what a term is.